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Working List of Grasses for Otero Mesa

There are very few large swaths of black gramma grasslands left in America.

There are very few large swaths of black gramma grasslands left in America.

The following is presented only as a working list of grasses found on Otero Mesa in southern Eddy County, New Mexico. The list is based on the work by Kelly W. Allred, A Field Guide to the Grasses of New Mexico. This third edition guide is invaluable in learning about the grasses of New Mexico and is available from the Agricultural Experiment Station, P O Box 30003, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8003.

The species listed below are possible species on Otero Mesa. The boundaries are considered to be the forest service western boundary of the Guadalupe Mountains (to the east), the New Mexico-Texas state line to the south, US Highway 54 to the west and the southern foothills of the Sacramento Mountains to the north.

In the following list, species are listed alphabetically by scientific name. The common name follows and that is followed by two columns. In the first column the letter “N” or “I” appears and that designates whether it is a native or introduced species. For reference, the last column is the page number of Allred’s book on which the account for that species can be found.

This list will be adjusted as time passes with species omitted and species added as we learn more about this grassland.

Black Gramma Grass.

Black Gramma Grass.

1. Achnatherum hymenoides, Indian Ricegrass N 56

2. Achnatherum robustum, Sleepygrass N 59

3. Achnatherum scribneri, Scribner’s Needlegrass N 60

4. Achnatherum lobatum, Littleawn Needlegrasss N 60

5. Achnatherum perplexum, Newq Mexico Needlegrass N 61

6. Aegilops cylindrica, Jointed Goatgrass N 61

7. Agropyron cristatum, Fairway Crested Wheatgrass I 63

8. Agropyron desertorum, Desert Crested Wehatgrass I 63

9. Agrostis stolonifera, Creeping Bentgrass N 64

10 Agrostis gigantea, Redtop I 65

11 .Agrostis exarata, Spike Bentgrass N 66

12. Agrostis scabra, Ticklegrass, Rough Bentgrass N 67

13. Alopecurus pratensis, Meadow Foxtail N 68

14. Alopecurus aequalis, Shortawn Foxtail N 69

15. Aristida adscenionis, Six-weeks Threeawn N 73

16. Aristida havarii, Haver’s Threeawn N 76

17. Aristida purpurea, Purple Threeawn N 79

18. Arundo donax, Giant Reed I 82

19. Avena fatua, Wild Oats N 84

20 Bothriochloa laguroides, Silver Bluestem N 88

21. Bothriochloa springfieldii, Springfield’s Bluestem N 89

22. Bothriochloa alta, Tall Bluestem N 89

23. Bothriochloa barbinodis, Cane Bluestem N 90

24. Bouteloua eriopoda, Black Grama N 90

25. Bouteloua warnockii, Warnock’s Grama N 91

26. Bouteloua curtipendula, Sideoats Grama N 92

27. Bouteloua aristidoides, Needle Grama N 92

28. Bouteloua simplex, Mat Grama N 92

29. Bouteloua hirsuta, Hairy Grama N 94

30. Bouteloua gracilis, Blue Grama N 94

31 Bouteloua parryi, Parry’s Grama N 95

32. Bouteloua barbata, Sixweeks Grama N 96

33. Bouteloua breviseta, Gyp Grama N 97

34. Bromus inermis, Smooth Brome I 99

35. Bromus catharticus, Rescuegrass I 100

36. Bromus carrinatus, California or Mountain Brome N 101

37. Bromus lanatipes, Shaggy Brome N 102

38. Bromus ciliatus, Fringed Brome N 104

39. Bromus japonicus, Japanese or Meadow Brome I 106

40. Bromus diandrus, Ripgut Brome N 107

41 Bromus tectorum, Cheatgrass or Downy Brome N 109

42. Cenchrus spinifex, Common Sandbur N 117

43. Chloris verticillata, Tumble Windmillgrass N 118

44. Chloris virgata, Showy Windmillgrass N 119

45. Cynodon dactylon, Bermudagrass I 121

46. Dasyochloa pulchella, Fluffgrass N 125

47. Deschampsiacespitosa, Tufted Hairgrass N 126

48. Digitaria pubiflora, Fall Witchgrass N 129

49. Echinochlora crus-galli, Large Barnyard Grass N 134

50. Echinochlora muricata, Cockspur N 135

51. Elymus scribneri, Scribner’s Wheatgrass N 137

52. Elymus hispidus, Intermediate Wheatgrass N 138

53. Elymus elongates, Tall Wheatgrass N 138

54. Elymus xpseudorepens, False Quackgrass N 139

55. Elymus smithii, Western Wheatgrass N 142

56. Elymus repens, Quackgrass or Twitchgrass N 144

57. Elymus arizonicus, Arizona Wheatgrass N 146

58. Elymus canadensis, Canada Wildrye N 150

59. Enneapogon desvauxii, Spike Pappusgrass N 151

60. Eragrostis cilianensis, Stinkgrass ? 153

61 Eragrostis mexicana, Mexican Lovegrass N 155

62. Eragrostis lutescens, Six-weeks Lovegrass N 155

63. Eragrostis pectinacea, Carolina Lovegrass N 156

64. Eragrostis superba, Wilman Lovegrass ? 159

65. Eragrostis lehmanniana, Lehmann’s Lovegrass I 161

66. Eragrostis curvula, Weeping Lovegrass N 162

67. Eragrostis intermedia, Plains Lovegrass N 163

68. Eragrostis erosa, Chihuahua Lovegrass N 165

69. Eriochloa acuminata, Texas Cupgrass N 167

70. Erioneuron pilosum, Hairy Tridens N 170

71. Erioneuron avenaceum, Large-flowered Tridens N 170

72. Hesperostipa neomexicana, New Mexico Feathergrass N 184

73. Koeleria macrantha, Junegrass N 194

74. Leptochloa dubia, Green Sprangletop N 196

75. Lycurus setosus, Bristly Wolftail N 201

76. Muhlenbergia depauperata, Six-weeks Muhly N 207

77. Muhlenbergia tenuifolia, Mesa Muhly N 209

78. Muhlenbergia minutissima, Least Muhly N 212

79. Muhlenbergia porteri, Bush Muhly N 215

80. Muhlenbergia pungens, Sandhill Muhly N 217

81 Muhlenbergia arenacea, Ear Muhly N 220

82. Muhlenbergia asperifolia, Scratchgrass N 220

83. Muhlenbergia racemosa, Green Muhly N 220

84. Muhlenbergia villiflora, Hairy Muhly N 222

85. Muhlenbergia repens, Creeping Muhly N 224

86. Muhlenbergia emersleyi, Bullgrass N 224

87. Muhlenbergia wrightii, Spike Muhly N 224

88. Muhlengergia torreyi, Ring Muhly N 229

89. Muhlenbergia arenicola, Sand Muhly N 229

90. Muhlenbergia pauciflora, New Mexico Muhly N 232

91. Muhlenbergia setifolia, Curlyleaf Muhly N 233

92. Munroa squarrosa, False-Buffalograss N 234

93. Nassella tenuissima, Mexican Feathergrass N 235

94. Panicum capillare, Common Witchgrass N 239

95. Panicum obtusum, Vine Mesquite N 243

96. Panicum hallii, Hall’s Panicum N 245

97. Panicum bulbosum, Bulb Panicum N 247

98. Pappophorum vaginatum, Whiplash Pappusgrass N 248

99. Phleum pretense, Timothy I 257

100. Pleuraphis mutica, Tobosa N 264

101 Pleuraphis jamesii, Galleta N 264

102. Poa biglovii, Bigelow’s Bluegrass N 266

103. Schedonnardus paniculatus, Tumblegrass N 287

104. Schizachyrium neomexicanum, New Mexico Bluestem N 290

105. Schizachyrium scoparium, Little Bluestem N 291

106. Scleropogon brevifolius, Burrograss N 292

107. Setaria pumila, Yellow Bristlegrass N 296

108. Setaria viridis, Green Bristlegrass N 298

109. Setaria leucopila, Plains Bristlegrass N 298

110. Sorghastrum nutans, Indiangrass N 298

111. Sorghum halepense, Johnsongrass N 300

112. Sporobolus giganteus, Giant Dropseed N 307

113. Sporobolus contractus, Spike Dropseed N 307

114. Sporobolus nealleyi, Gypgrass N 307

115. Sporobolus flexuosus, Mesa Dropseed N 307

116. Sporobolus cryptandrus, Sand Dropseed N 309

117. Sporobolus airoides, Alkali Sacaton N 309

118. Sporobolus wrightii, Giant Sacaton N 310

119. Trichloris crinita, False Rhodesgrass N 314

120. Tridens albescens, White Tridens N 317

121. Trisetum interruptum, Prairie Trisetum N 321

122. Vulpia octoflora, Sixweeks Fescue N 328

123. Vulpia bromoides, Brome Sixweeks Fescue N 328

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